Laser Pigmentation Removal, also known as laser skin rejuvenation, is a technique that employs a laser to eliminate pigmentation and redness. This is one of the most sophisticated treatments for reducing undesired skin pigmentation such as age spots, sunspots, hyperpigmentation, flat pigmented birthmarks, and freckles. Melanin, a pigment generated by specific skin cells, determines the color of human skin.
In certain circumstances, melanin synthesis is faulty; either too little or too much melanin is generated, resulting in skin pigmentation problems. These conditions can cause the skin to look lighter or darker than usual, as well as blotchy and discolored. Too much melanin can produce hyperpigmentation, whereas too little melanin can cause hypopigmentation.
Hormones are commonly blamed for the underlying reason. Other causes of pigmentation problems include:
- Endothelial cell
- Ultraviolet light
- Exposure to certain substances
- Stress and nutritional deficiencies
The Pigmentation removal using laser is used to target the pigmented lesion in the skin, which absorbs the light. The laser heats up and shatters the pigment, which is then drawn to the surface without harming the surrounding tissue. The pigmented lesions will either fade or dry and even flake off the treated area when it is drawn to the surface. This will leave the skin with an even tone and complexion. There might be a mild discolouration of pigment before it heals after just a few days. The treated area can also sometimes become more sensitive to sun exposure however with proper sun-safety precautions, the effects are minimal.
What is its application?
Melasma is a patchy dark discoloration of the face’s skin. Solar lentigines are little brown-pigmented spots on the skin with a distinct edge that are surrounded by normal-looking skin. Birthmarks are often flat, brown or black in hue. Port-wine stains are reddish-purple discolorations on the skin caused by enlarged red blood vessels in the body. Freckles are tiny, brownish patches on the skin generated by pigment deposition that grow in number and deepen when exposed to sunshine.
Dermatologists employ focused and brief beams of laser light energy to selectively burn and destroy highly precise targets to eradicate dark, undesirable, and damaged skin tissues in laser therapy, commonly known as the laser peel Or carbon peel.
Laser treatments are powerful enough to cure a wide range of skin disorders, including age spots, melasma, wrinkles, uneven skin tones, and fine lines. The laser is used in this therapy to remove the upper layer of skin and take the lower layer on the upper side of the epidermis. Furthermore, with laser treatments, heat is applied to the underlying dermis, which aids in the formation of new skin tissues, a process known as skin rejuvenation.